The Gregorian mission, sometimes known as the Augustinian mission,was the mission sent by PopeGregory the Great to the Anglo-Saxons in 596 AD. Headed by Augustine of Canterbury, its goal was to convert the Anglo-Saxons to Christianity. By the death of the last missionary in 653, they had established Christianity in southern Britain. Along with Irish and Frankish missionaries, they converted Britain and influenced the Hiberno-Scottish missions to the Continent.
By the time the Roman Empire recalled its legions from the province of Britannia in 410, parts of the island had already been settled by pagan Germanic tribes who, later in the century, appear to have taken control of Kent and other coastal regions. In the late 6th century Pope Gregory sent a group of missionaries to Kent, to convertÆthelberht, King of Kent, whose wife, Bertha of Kent, was a Frankish princess and practising Christian. Augustine was the prior of Gregory’s own monastery in Rome and Gregory prepared the way for the mission by soliciting aid from the Frankish rulers along Augustine’s route.
In 597 the forty missionaries arrived in Kent and were permitted by Æthelberht to preach freely in his capital ofCanterbury. Soon the missionaries wrote to Gregory telling him of their success and that conversions were taking place. The exact date of Æthelberht’s conversion is unknown but it occurred before 601. A second group of monks and clergy was dispatched in 601 bearing books and other items for the new foundation. Gregory intended Augustine to be the metropolitan archbishop of the southern part of the British Isles, and gave him authority over the British clergy but in a series of meetings with Augustine the local bishops refused to acknowledge this.
Before Æthelberht’s death in 616 a number of other bishoprics had been established but after that date, a pagan backlash set in and the see, or bishopric, of London was abandoned. Æthelberht’s daughter, Æthelburg, marriedEdwin, the king of the Northumbrians, and by 627 Paulinus, the bishop who accompanied her north, had converted Edwin and a number of other Northumbrians. When Edwin died, in about 633, his widow and Paulinus were forced to flee to Kent. Although the missionaries could not remain in all of the places they had evangelised, by the time the last of them died in 653, they had established Christianity in Kent and the surrounding countryside and contributed a Roman tradition to the practice of Christianity in Britain.
The term ethnocentrism was coined by William G. Sumner, upon observing the tendency for people to differentiate between the in-group and others. He defined it as “the technical name for the view of things in which one’s own group is the center of everything, and all others are scaled and rated with reference to it.” He further characterized it as often leading to pride, vanity, beliefs of one’s own group’s superiority, and contempt of outsiders. Robert K. Merton comments that Sumner’s additional characterization robbed the concept of some analytical power because, Merton argues, centrality and superiority are often correlated, but need to be kept analytically distinct.
Just as it may take “deprogramming” to get out of a “cult” (in the modern meaning) it may take some to get into a cult (proper).
A deprogramming of the norm so to speak.
It is very easy to by way of structuralism and ethnocentrism attempt to apply a teaching or way to ones life that is really nothing more than ones original one in other trappings.
I would say that this is true regardless of weather it is a mystery school such as Thelema, Kabbalah or Raja Yoga or if it is a reconstructivist or ethnic path.
I sometimes find myself struggling with sexual ideas, ideals as to what is “sacred” and what is “profane”, the nature of morals, philosophical and cultural ideals and so on that i can clearly see are Christian (despite not having been a Christian for decades), Post-Modern or other strains of philosophy that are part of contemporary mainstream society.
This despite a number of initiations, years of religous practice and study.
This is probably (one reason ) why banishings are so essential to the Ceremonial Magician.
Taking out the trash leaves room for any other work.
Just like when studying another contemporary or ancient culture, the glasses of ones own has to come off.
Paralells that dont exist must be exorcicised and the subject must be studied objectively and with some degree of honesty.
This however also applies to the praxis that might follow.
Just like an ethnocentric antropologist would be more or less studying his own culture, a mystic or reconstructivist stuck in the norm of today would simply be a guy changing robes.
To me that is an insult.
To me that is like acknowledging that heathen (or pagan) really means “Hick” or “yokl”.
I am always surprised and get kind of a LARP vibe when i read things like “our folk ways”.
Their “indignation” dumbs my customs down. They really have more in common with snake handling Christians (not to be Christian bashing ) than anything that feels “Norse”.
These people belong in a heavy metal video.
I am straight but i am also educated and my mother is not married to her brother.
I belive in active studies (of academic material), a living custom through folklore and adapting to modern society while reconstructing.
In short, i am a modern Scandinavian, NOT some “Viking warrior” with a need to preserve my “folk” (“they”, regardless of how you count, seem to be doing just fine).
I am simply a person doing my best to live according to a custom such as it presents itself through academia, scientific disciplines (history, archeology, anthropology, linguistics,etymology, semiotics and so on ) ,my own culture and folklore and some philosophical and theological speculation on my own part.
Some of them are Scandinavian. I´m willing to bet they stay clear of blóts of a more mainstream (in lack of a better term) nature.
They would be verbally (at least) and intellectually bitch slapped by pretty much any follower of the custom i´ve known.
The only threat i see to Norse culture and heritage are these circus clowns.
How can anyone take heathenry seriously with these around?
I reblog this because i want to add a few recon and / or etnic religions.
Hope all links work.
Polytheistic reconstructionism (Reconstructionism) is an approach to Neopaganism first emerging in the late 1960s to early 1970s, and gathering momentum in the 1990s to 2000s. Reconstructionism attempts to re-establish historical polytheistic religions in the modern world, in contrast with syncreticmovements like Wicca, and “channeled” movements like Germanic mysticismor Theosophy.
Many practitioners of folk religions live outside of the original cultures and territories from which those historical religions arose, and reconstructonists consequently face the problem of understanding, and then implementing, the worldview of pre-modern rural societies in a modern, possibly urban environment.
Asatru – Norse (Please keep in mind that some practices of Asatru differ between Scandinavia and America, partly since the custom never really left here butb stayed in traditions, folklore, placenames and so on. The actual FAITH is the same though).
Hellenismos – Greek
Religio Romana – Roman
Anglo – Saxon Heathenry – Anglo – Saxon
Celtic Revivalism – Celtic
Natib Qadish – Caanaanite
Romuva – Lithuanian
Finnish Paganism – Finland
Estonian Paganism – Estonia
Kemeticism – Egyptian
Chimariy Yüla ( Mari Traditional Religion- Finnic, Russia )
Vattisen Yaly ( Chuvas Religion-Turcic, Russia )
Noaidevuohta (Sami-Norway,Sweden, Finland, Russia )
These are only a few (the biggest) reconstructive religions out there, and dont forget that using terms like “Germanic, Celtic” or “Slavic” are simplifications.
There whyere several tribes of each of these larger ethnic groups and time and geography would mean variations. Even within what is now Sweden there where differences in cult.
The biggest reconstructive polytheistic religion last i checked was Asatru.
There are about a 100 000 Hellenists in Greece, a country that only recently gained religious freedom (ie it was forbidden to be a Hellenist) and a whole lot in the US
Sa c r i f i c e and Sa c r i f i c i a l Ideology in Old Nor s e
The practice of sacrifice is often treated as ‘the dark side’ of Old Norse
heathenism, by both medieval Christian commentators and modern
scholars alike. However, within Norse religious practice, sacrificial
ritual (blot) was one of the most central acts of religious observance.
This paper will seek to examine aspects of the significance of blot
within Old Norse religion, the ideology of sacrifice as it operated
within this tradition and its relation to other Indo-European traditions,
and the reactions to the issue of sacrifice by medieval contemporaries
and modern scholarship
My name is Christine, and I’m originally from America, but moved to Finland in the summer of 2009. For a long time I have been interested in Finnish paganism, but never found many sources out there in English. After I moved here, my knowledge about the practice increased greatly through personal experiences and meeting other Finnish pagans. Now I have created this blog in hopes that I can help other English-speakers gain some more wisdom about this religion.
I am a nerd. I get excited by things like proper grammar and science. I love the study of our natural world and I have always been enthralled by the strict adherence to rules that scientists slavishly attach themselves to. One of the coolest things about this world of science is the Scientific…